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1 January 2009 U.S. Grower Views on Problematic Weeds and Changes in Weed Pressure in Glyphosate-Resistant Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Cropping Systems
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Abstract
Corn and soybean growers in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, Nebraska, and North Carolina, as well as cotton growers in Mississippi and North Carolina, were surveyed about their views on changes in problematic weeds and weed pressure in cropping systems based on a glyphosate-resistant (GR) crop. No growers using a GR cropping system for more than 5 yr reported heavy weed pressure. Over all cropping systems investigated (continuous GR soybean, continuous GR cotton, GR corn/GR soybean, GR soybean/non-GR crop, and GR corn/non-GR crop), 0 to 7% of survey respondents reported greater weed pressure after implementing rotations using GR crops, whereas 31 to 57% felt weed pressure was similar and 36 to 70% indicated that weed pressure was less. Pigweed, morningglory, johnsongrass, ragweed, foxtail, and velvetleaf were mentioned as their most problematic weeds, depending on the state and cropping system. Systems using GR crops improved weed management compared with the technologies used before the adoption of GR crops. However, the long-term success of managing problematic weeds in GR cropping systems will require the development of multifaceted integrated weed management programs that include glyphosate as well as other weed management tactics.Nomenclature: Glyphosate; foxtail, Setaria spp.; johnsongrass, Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.; morningglory, Ipomoea spp.; pigweed, Amaranthus spp.; ragweed, Ambrosia spp.; velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti Medik.; corn, Zea mays L.; cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr
Greg R. Kruger, WILLIAM G. JOHNSON, STEPHEN C. WELLER, MICHEAL D. K. OWEN, DAVID R. SHAW, John W. Wilcut, David L. Jordan, Robert G. Wilson, Mark L. Bernards and BRYAN G. YOUNG "U.S. Grower Views on Problematic Weeds and Changes in Weed Pressure in Glyphosate-Resistant Corn, Cotton, and Soybean Cropping Systems," Weed Technology 23(1), (1 January 2009). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-08-040.1
Received: 5 March 2008; Accepted: 1 June 2008; Published: 1 January 2009
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