Experiments were conducted during 2000 and 2001 at a total of 13 locations throughout Alabama, Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, and Texas to evaluate efficacy of herbicides at or below the manufacturer's suggested use rate. Herbicide applications included diclosulam and flumioxazin applied PRE alone or followed by imazapic applied early postemergence (EPOST). All possible combinations of diclosulam at 0, 13.5, or 27 g ai/ha and flumioxazin at 0, 53, or 105 g ai/ha applied PRE were included. Imazapic was applied at 35 g ai/ha. Ivyleaf morningglory was controlled more than 87% when imazapic was applied EPOST regardless of PRE herbicide. Pitted morningglory control > 67% was observed with applications of diclosulam (27 g/ha) followed by imazapic, diclosulam (13.5 g/ha) plus flumioxazin (53 g/ha), diclosulam (13.5 g/ha) plus flumioxazin (105 g/ha), and diclosulam (27 g/ha) plus flumioxazin (105 g/ha). Sicklepod was controlled more than 74% with flumioxazin (53 g/ha) followed by imazapic and diclosulam (27 g/ha) plus flumioxazin (105 g/ha) followed by imazapic. Florida beggarweed was controlled more than 84% by all PRE herbicide combinations except flumioxazin (53 g/ha) alone or diclosulam (27 g/ha) alone or with imazapic. Yellow nutsedge was controlled at least 90% with diclosulam at either rate followed by imazapic and by diclosulam plus flumioxazin followed by imazapic regardless of rate. Pod yield was generally higher when herbicides were applied regardless of herbicide combination or rate. Peanut yield was maximized with the lowest rates of flumioxazin or diclosulam PRE followed by imazapic EPOST.
Nomenclature: Diclosulam; flumioxazin; imazapic; 2,4-DB; Florida beggarweed, Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC. DEDTO; ivyleaf morningglory, Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. IPOHE; pitted morningglory, Ipomoea lacunosa L. IPOLA; sicklepod, Senna obtusifolia (L.) H.S. Irwin and Barneby CASOB; yellow nutsedge, Cyperus esculentus L., CYPES; peanut, Arachis hypogaea L., ‘Georgia Green’, ‘NC 12C’, ‘VA 98R’.