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1 April 2009 Dogfennel (Eupatorium capillifolium) Size at Application Affects Herbicide Efficacy
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Dogfennel is one of the most problematic weeds in Florida pasturelands and its control can become inconsistent as the plant matures. A premix of triclopyr fluroxypyr has been recently introduced for weed control in pastures and rangeland; however, little published information exists concerning the control of dogfennel in pastures with this herbicide combination. Therefore, experiments were initiated to determine the efficacy of triclopyr fluroxypyr compared with commonly used pasture herbicides on dogfennel at three heights. All herbicides utilized in this study are commonly used for dogfennel control. Dogfennel control was affected by both herbicide treatment and dogfennel height. In general, 0.80 0.28 kg ai/ha of 2,4-D amine dicamba resulted in inconsistent control, especially as dogfennel plants increased in size. Increasing the rate of 2,4-D amine dicamba to 1.21 0.42 kg/ha increased the consistency. Triclopyr fluroxypyr provided similar levels of control as that of 1.21 0.42 kg/ha 2,4-D amine dicamba. In all locations, control of 154-cm dogfennel was signficanatly lower than that of 38-cm dogfennel. These data indicate that triclopyr fluroxypyr is an effective option for dogfennel control, but dogfennel height at the time of application is an important factor for optimizing control.

Nomenclature: 2,4-D Amine; dicamba; fluroxypyr; triclopyr; Dogfennel, Eupatorium capillifolium L.

Brent A. Sellers, Jason A. Ferrell, Gregory E. MacDonald, and William N. Kline "Dogfennel (Eupatorium capillifolium) Size at Application Affects Herbicide Efficacy," Weed Technology 23(2), 247-250, (1 April 2009).
Received: 25 July 2008; Accepted: 1 December 2008; Published: 1 April 2009

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