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1 October 2010 Control of Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with Growth Regulator Herbicides
Greg R. Kruger, Vince M. Davis, Stephen C. Weller, William G. Johnson
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Abstract

The growth regulator herbicides 2,4-D and dicamba are used to control glyphosate-resistant horseweed before crops are planted. With the impending release of 2,4-D–resistant and dicamba-resistant crops, use of these growth regulator herbicides postemergence will likely increase. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of various growth regulators on Indiana horseweed populations. A greenhouse dose–response study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of 2,4-D ester, diglycolamine salt of dicamba, and dimethylamine salt of dicamba on control of four populations of horseweed in the greenhouse. Population 66 expressed twofold levels of tolerance to 2,4-D ester and diglycolamine salt of dicamba. Population 43 expressed an enhanced level of tolerance to diglycolamine salt of dicamba but not to the other herbicides. Diglycolamine salt of dicamba provided the best overall control of populations 3 and 34. Additionally, a field study was conducted to evaluate standard use rates of 2,4-D amine, 2,4-D ester, diglycolamine salt of dicamba, and dimethylamine salt of dicamba on control of various sized glyphosate-resistant horseweed plants. Control of plants 30 cm or less in height was 90% or greater for all four herbicides. On plants greater than 30 cm tall, diglycolamine salt of dicamba provided 97% control while 2,4-D amine provided 81% control. Diglycolamine salt of dicamba provided the highest level of control of glyphosate-resistant horseweed, followed by dimethylamine salt of dicamba, 2,4-D ester and 2,4-D amine, respectively. This research demonstrates that horseweed populations respond differently to the various salts of 2,4-D and dicamba, and it will be important to determine the appropriate use rates of each salt to control glyphosate-resistant horseweed.

Nomenclature: 2,4-D; dicamba; glyphosate; horseweed, Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. ERICA.

Greg R. Kruger, Vince M. Davis, Stephen C. Weller, and William G. Johnson "Control of Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) with Growth Regulator Herbicides," Weed Technology 24(4), 425-429, (1 October 2010). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-10-00022.1
Received: 11 February 2010; Accepted: 1 June 2010; Published: 1 October 2010
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KEYWORDS
Dose response
glyphosate-resistant horseweed
weed resistance
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