Translator Disclaimer
1 October 2010 Efficacy and Safening of Aryloxyphenoxypropionate Herbicides when Tank-Mixed with Triclopyr for Bermudagrass Control in Zoysiagrass Turf
D. F. Lewis, J. S. McElroy, J. C. Sorochan, T. C. Mueller, T. J. Samples, G. K. Breeden
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Aryloxyphenoxypropionate (AOPP) herbicides are used to control bermudagrass contamination in various turfgrasses. Applying AOPP herbicides alone can cause unacceptable injury to zoysiagrass but injury can be reduced when tank-mixed with triclopyr. There are limited data illustrating the extent of bermudagrass control and zoysiagrass cultivar tolerance when these compounds are combined. Research was conducted to determine the efficacy of multiple AOPP herbicides applied alone and tank-mixed with triclopyr for bermudagrass control in zoysiagrass turf. Treatments include three sequential applications of cyhalofop (0.32 kg ai ha−1), fenoxaprop (0.14 kg ha−1), fluazifop (0.11 kg ha−1), or quizalofop (0.09 kg ha−1) applied alone and tank-mixed with triclopyr (1.12 kg ae ha−1) applied to ‘Tifway’ bermudagrass, and ‘Diamond’, ‘Palisades’, and ‘Zenith’ zoysiagrass. Tifway bermudagrass control ranged from 41 to 69% and digital image analysis turf coverage data ranged from 18 to 50% for AOPP herbicides applied alone. The addition of triclopyr to AOPP herbicides increased bermudagrass control (64–79%) and reduced turf coverage (8–29%). Palisades and Zenith zoysiagrass exhibited less injury (1–18%) and greater turf coverage (84–86%) when AOPP herbicides were tank-mixed with triclopyr compared to AOPP herbicides applied alone. Diamond zoysiagrass was not tolerant to any AOPP herbicides applied alone or tank-mixed with triclopyr, except for fluazifop alone (18% injury and 93% turf coverage). Visual ratings and digital image analysis turf coverage data had a strong negative correlation over all tested turfgrasses. In general, AOPP herbicides plus triclopyr will control bermudagrass greater and injure zoysiagrass less compared to AOPP herbicides applied alone; however, these mixtures can cause unacceptable injury to Diamond zoysiagrass.

Nomenclature: Cyhalofop; fenoxaprop; fluazifop; triclopyr; quizalofop; bermudagrass, Cynodon spp. Rich.; hybrid bermudagrass, Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. × Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt-Davy ‘Tifway’ CYNDA; zoysiagrass species, Zoysia spp. Willd.; zoysiagrass, Zoysia japonica Steud. ‘Palisades’, ‘Zenith’ ZOYJA; zoysiagrass, Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. ‘Diamond’ ZOYMA.

D. F. Lewis, J. S. McElroy, J. C. Sorochan, T. C. Mueller, T. J. Samples, and G. K. Breeden "Efficacy and Safening of Aryloxyphenoxypropionate Herbicides when Tank-Mixed with Triclopyr for Bermudagrass Control in Zoysiagrass Turf," Weed Technology 24(4), 489-494, (1 October 2010). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-10-00029.1
Received: 19 February 2010; Accepted: 28 May 2010; Published: 1 October 2010
JOURNAL ARTICLE
6 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
Coverage
digital image analysis
injury
tank-mixture
weed control
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top