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1 September 2013 Influence of Plant Height and Glyphosate on Saflufenacil Efficacy on Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed ( Conyza canadensis)
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Abstract

A field study was conducted in 2007 and 2008 near Murphysboro, IL to determine the effect of plant height and addition of glyphosate on control of glyphosate-resistant horseweed with saflufenacil. Saflufenacil was applied at rates ranging from 25 to 125 g ai ha−1 alone and in combination with glyphosate at 840 g ae ha−1, and the efficacy compared to paraquat at 840 g ai ha−1. Control of horseweed with glyphosate applied alone was less than 30%, confirming the presence of glyphosate-resistant plants. At 14 d after application, all treatments with saflufenacil or paraquat provided at least 90% control. Saflufenacil applied alone at the lowest rate of 25 g ha−1 provided less control (92%) than all other treatments that included saflufenacil, and efficacy was reduced as horseweed height at application increased. Horseweed control from saflufenacil at 50 g ha−1 was reduced as plant height increased in 2007 but not in 2008. However, saflufenacil applied at 50 g ha−1 or greater resulted in at least 98% control, regardless of horseweed height at application or tank mixture with glyphosate. Combining glyphosate with saflufenacil at 25 g ha−1 increased horseweed control compared with saflufenacil applied alone and resulted in control similar to saflufenacil applied at 50 g ha−1. Control of horseweed from paraquat declined over time as the growth continued from the apical meristem. The extent of horseweed regrowth from applications of saflufenacil alone was less than that observed from paraquat. The addition of glyphosate to saflufenacil further reduced the frequency of horseweed regrowth compared with saflufenacil applied alone.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; paraquat; saflufenacil; horseweed; Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.

En 2007 y 2008, se realizó un estudio cerca de Murphysboro, IL para determinar el efecto de la altura de planta y la adición de glyphosate sobre el control de Conyza canadensis resistente a glyphosate con saflufenacil. Saflufenacil fue aplicado a dosis que fueron de 25 a 125 g ai ha−1 solo y en combinación con glyphosate a 840 g ae ha−1, y la eficacia de estos tratamientos se comparó con paraquat a 840 g ai ha−1. El control de C. canadensis con glyphosate aplicado solo fue menor a 30%, confirmando la presencia de plantas resistentes a glyphosate. A 14 d después de la aplicación, todos los tratamientos con saflufenacil o paraquat brindaron al menos 90% de control. Saflufenacil aplicado solo a la dosis más baja de 25 g ha−1 brindó menos control (92%) que todos los demás tratamientos que incluyeron saflufenacil, y la eficacia se redujo al incrementarse la altura de la maleza al momento de la aplicación. El control de C. canadensis con saflufenacil a 50 g ha−1 se redujo al aumentar la altura de las plantas al momento de la aplicación en 2007, pero no en 2008. Sin embargo, saflufenacil aplicado a 50 g ha−1 o más resultó en al menos 98% de control, sin importar la altura de C. canadensis al momento de la aplicación o la mezcla en tanque con glyphosate. El combinar glyphosate con saflufenacil a 25 g ha−1 aumentó el control de C. canadensis en comparación con saflufenacil aplicado solo y resultó en un control similar a saflufenacil aplicado a 50 g ha−1. El control de C. canadensis con paraquat disminuyó conforme pasó el tiempo y continuó el crecimiento a partir del meristemo apical. El nivel de rebrote de plantas de C. canadensis después de aplicaciones de s

Tracy G. Mellendorf, Julie M. Young, Joseph L. Matthews, and Bryan G. Young "Influence of Plant Height and Glyphosate on Saflufenacil Efficacy on Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed ( Conyza canadensis)," Weed Technology 27(3), 463-467, (1 September 2013). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-D-13-00004.1
Received: 3 January 2013; Accepted: 1 April 2013; Published: 1 September 2013
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