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22 March 2019 A linuron-free weed management strategy for carrots
Tessa de Boer, Peter Smith, Kevin Chandler, Robert Nurse, Kristen Obeid, Clarence Swanton
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The development of a linuron-free weed management strategy for carrot production is essential as a result of the herbicide reevaluation programs launched by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency in Canada for herbicides registered before 1995 and the discovery of linuron-resistant pigweed species in Ontario. Field trials were conducted in one of Ontario's main carrot-growing regions on high organic soils in 2016 and 2017. Pigweed species seedlings were effectively controlled with PRE treatments of prometryn, pendimethalin, S-metolachlor, or glufosinate. POST treatments of pyroxasulfone and metribuzin followed by predetermined biologically effective dose (≥90% control of pigweed seedlings) of acifluorfen, oxyfluorfen, fluthiacet-methyl, and fomesafen achieved excellent crop selectivity and commercially acceptable pigweed species seedling control under field conditions. Carfentrazone-ethyl or fomesafen applied PRE severely reduced seedling emergence and yield in the wet growing season of 2017. This study demonstrated clearly that an alternative linuron-free strategy can be developed for carrots. The strategy of exploring the potential to use the biologically effective dose of selected herbicides to achieve crop selectivity and control of pigweed species seedlings was verified.

Nomenclature: Acifluorfen; carfentrazone-ethyl; fluthiacet-methyl; fomesafen; glufosinate; linuron; metribuzin; oxyfluorfen; pendimethalin; prometryn; pyroxasulfone; S-metolachlor; pigweed species, Amaranthus spp.; carrot, Daucus carota L.

© Weed Science Society of America, 2019.
Tessa de Boer, Peter Smith, Kevin Chandler, Robert Nurse, Kristen Obeid, and Clarence Swanton "A linuron-free weed management strategy for carrots," Weed Technology 33(3), 464-474, (22 March 2019).
Received: 28 June 2018; Accepted: 30 November 2018; Published: 22 March 2019

biologically effective dose
carrot growth
Critical weed-free period
seedling emergence
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