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16 March 2022 Integrated use of the stale seedbed technique with preemergence herbicides to control weedy rice in wet seeded rice
Masilamany Dilipkumar, Mohd Shahril Shah Mohamad-Ghazali, Erwan Shah Shari, Ng Lee Chuen, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan, Tse Seng Chuah
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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the integration effects of pretilachlor, oxadiazon, and dimethenamid with or without glyphosate in a stale seedbed method to control weedy rice in wet-seeded rice. The study, conducted in 2018 and 2019, comprised two seedbed treatments in main plots, with and without glyphosate (850 g ae ha–1), and four subplot treatments: pretilachlor, oxadiazon, dimethenamid, and unsprayed check. Fifteen days after glyphosate spray, each subplot was treated with preemergence herbicides at 500 g ai ha–1 under standing water conditions (2 to 3 in.), and the water level was maintained for 7 d. Pregerminated rice seeds (var. MR297) were hand-broadcasted in the moist soil at 120 kg ha–1 seeding rate. In 2019, the density and dry weight of weedy rice were 30% and 118% higher Gthan those observed in 2018, respectively. A stale seedbed with glyphosate reduced weedy rice dry weight by 12% as compared to what was observed in a stale seedbed without glyphosate. Addition of oxadiazon and pretilachlor to the stale seedbed drastically reduced weedy rice dry weight by 70% to 88% and 53% to 60% in both years. Dimethenamid contributed to a significant reduction of weedy rice dry weight of 19% in 2019 only but failed to provide a positive economic return. Integration of pretilachlor and oxadiazon in a stale seedbed with glyphosate gave profitable returns of $84.00 to 311.4 ha–1 and $175.70 to 483.8 ha–1, respectively. Without the presence of glyphosate, pretilachlor and oxadiazon contributed a positive return of $318.90 and $469.40, respectively, in 2018, but the economic returns were negative in 2019. These results suggest that integration of pretilachlor or oxadiazon in a stale seedbed with glyphosate is more crucial when weedy rice infestation is high, but glyphosate can be excluded from the management regime when the weedy rice populations are low.

Nomenclature: dimethenamid; glyphosate; oxadiazon; pretilachlor; weedy rice, Oryza sativa L.; rice variety MR297; Oryza sativa L. ‘ORSA’

© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Weed Science Society of America.
Masilamany Dilipkumar, Mohd Shahril Shah Mohamad-Ghazali, Erwan Shah Shari, Ng Lee Chuen, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan, and Tse Seng Chuah "Integrated use of the stale seedbed technique with preemergence herbicides to control weedy rice in wet seeded rice," Weed Technology 36(3), 373-378, (16 March 2022). https://doi.org/10.1017/wet.2022.25
Received: 5 September 2021; Accepted: 3 March 2022; Published: 16 March 2022
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KEYWORDS
Direct seeding rice
land preparation
weed seedbank
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