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26 February 2021 Adult capture on the nest does not affect hatching success of masked lapwing (Vanellus miles) eggs on a fox-free island
Daniel Lees, Adam P. A. Cardilini, Craig D. H. Sherman, Peter Dann, Michael A. Weston
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Abstract

Context. Capture, measurement, genetic sampling, ringing and flagging of shorebirds on their nests are standard techniques that underpin the study and conservation of these species. However, these techniques may reduce hatching success by compromising parental care or nest crypsis, thereby negatively influencing results, study populations and bird welfare. Only a few studies that examine the effect of capture of shorebirds on subsequent egg hatching success are currently available.

Aims. To compare the hatching success of masked lapwing (Vanellus miles) nests, at which adult capture and associated techniques (ringing, flagging and bleeding) have occurred, with nests at which these did not occur, on the fox-free Phillip Island, Victoria, Australia.

Methods. Hatching success of masked lapwings was monitored and compared between nests at which adult capture did, and did not, occur. Clutches were aged and age was included in our models to adjust for exposure of clutches to risks such as predators.

Key results. There was no difference in egg hatching success between nests at which capture occurred and those at which it did not occur: 138 chicks hatched from 178 eggs attended by adults that were captured (77.5% hatched); and 279 chicks hatched from 442 eggs attended by adults that were not captured (63.1%).

Conclusion. Trapping incubating lapwings using our existing protocols does not compromise egg hatching success, at least where there are no foxes present.

Implications. Studies of ground-nesting shorebird hatching success in relation to capture can usefully assess for adverse effects of the methods employed. We suggest that further examination of capture of lapwings at the nest be conducted in environments where foxes are present.

© CSIRO 2021
Daniel Lees, Adam P. A. Cardilini, Craig D. H. Sherman, Peter Dann, and Michael A. Weston "Adult capture on the nest does not affect hatching success of masked lapwing (Vanellus miles) eggs on a fox-free island," Wildlife Research 48(4), 361-365, (26 February 2021). https://doi.org/10.1071/WR20129
Received: 30 July 2020; Accepted: 10 November 2020; Published: 26 February 2021
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abandonment
banding
desertion
funnel traps
incubation
ringing
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