We used the chemical Zoletil® (Virbac, Carros, France [also known as Telazol®, Fort Dodge Animal Health, Fort Dodge, Iowa]) to anesthetize 41 raccoons (Procyon lotor; 25 M, 16 F) under field conditions in southwestern Manitoba, Canada, from 2002 to 2003. We administered a single dose of 20 mg (x̄ = 3.1 mg/kg dosage) intramuscularly, which provided safe handling for approximately 15–18 minutes. Mean induction time was 4.6 ± 2.9 minutes. Following induction, recovery progressed predictably with first awakening behavior occurring at 18.6 ± 8.2 minutes, first stand-up posture at 28.2 ± 13.2 minutes, and full recovery after 47.4 ± 16.6 minutes. Zoletil anesthesia provided quick induction times and wide safety margins and is recommended for raccoon immobilization.
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