Translator Disclaimer
17 December 2012 Taxonomic notes on Dysphania and Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae)
Author Affiliations +

Some taxonomic amendments for the genera Dysphania and Atriplex are given. Three species of Dysphania are recognised in the central and eastern Himalaya and on the southern Tibetan plateau: two native species, D. nepalensis and D. bhutanica, the latter here described as new to science, and one introduced species, D. ambroisioides, whereas the presence of D. botrys and D. schraderiana, formerly reported from the area, is not confirmed. Features relevant for the delimitation of these taxa are discussed. The combination D. bonariensis is published. A new species, Atriplex brenanii, formerly misidentified with A. halimus var. granulata, is described from East Tropical Africa, while the occurrence of A. halimus in this region is not confirmed. A. asphaltitis, an enigmatic taxon described from the Dead Sea area, is synonymised with the Australian A. nummularia, which is spreading as an alien in the S Mediterranean.

See the PDF.


  1. P. Aellen 1940: Atriplex und Blackiella in Südafrika. — Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 70: 383–401. Google Scholar
  2. P. Aellen 1967: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 1–22 in H. Merxmüller (ed.), Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika. Tetragoniaceae-Chenopodiaceae. — München: Cramer. Google Scholar
  3. D. Andueza , F. Muñoz , I. Delgado & E. Correal 2005: Intraspecific variation in Atriplex halimus: chemical composition of edible biomass. — Options Médit., ser. A, 67: 377–381. Google Scholar
  4. E. Boissier 1879: Flora orientalis 4. — Geneve & Basileae: H. Georg. Google Scholar
  5. J. P. M. Brenan 1954: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 1–25 in: W. B. Turrill & E. Milne-Redhead (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. — London: Crown Agents. Google Scholar
  6. K. Browicz 1991: Chorology of trees and shrubs in South-West Asia and adjacent regions 8. — Warszawa & Poznan: Polish Science Publishers. Google Scholar
  7. L. Chevallier 1905: Troisième note sur la flore du Sahara. — Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 5: 440–444. Google Scholar
  8. A. Danin 2000: The nomenclature news of Flora Palaestina. — Fl. Medit. 10: 109–172. Google Scholar
  9. H. Flores Olvera , A. Vrijdaghs , H. Ochoterena & E. Smets 2011: The need to re-investigate the nature of homoplastic characters: an ontogenetic case study of the ‘bracteoles’ of Atripliceae (Chenopodiaceae). — Ann. Bot. 108: 847–865. Google Scholar
  10. I. Friis & M. G. Gilbert 1993: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 127–140 in: M. Thulin (ed.), Flora of Somalia 1. — Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens. Google Scholar
  11. I. Friis & M. G. Gilbert 2000: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 277–298 in: S. Edwards , M. Tadesse , S. Demissen & I. Hedberg (ed.), Flora of Ethiopia & Eritrea 2(1). — Addis Ababa: University of Addis Ababa & Uppsala: University of Uppsala. Google Scholar
  12. S. Fuentes-Bazan , G. Mansion & T. Borsch 2012a: Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae). — Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 62: 359–374. Google Scholar
  13. S. Fuentes-Bazan , P. Uotila & T. Borsch 2012b: A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). — Willdenowia 42: 5–24. Google Scholar
  14. W. Greuter , H.-M. Burdet & G. Long 1984: Med-Checklist 1. — Genève: Conservatoire et Jardin botanique & Berlin: Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum. Google Scholar
  15. D. Iamonico 2011: Dysphania anthelmintica (Amaranthaceae), new to the non-native flora of Italy, and taxonomic considerations on the related species. — Hacquetia 10: 41–48. Google Scholar
  16. G. Kadereit , T. Borsch , K. Weising & H. Freitag 2003: Phylogeny of Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae and the evolution of C4 photosynthesis. — Int. J. Pl. Sci. 164: 959–986. Google Scholar
  17. G. Kadereit , E. Mavrodiev , E. Zacharias & A. P. Sukhorukov 2010: Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 photosynthesis. — Amer. J. Bot. 97: 1664–1687. Google Scholar
  18. B. Kasapligil 1966: Additamenta ad floram Jordanicae. — J. Arnold Arbor. 47: 160–170. Google Scholar
  19. H. Kheria , H. F. Ouerda & S. Bouzid 2007: Morphological variability of fruit and chromosome numbers in Tunesian populations of Atriplex halimus L. (Chenopodiaceae). — Caryologia 60: 203–211. Google Scholar
  20. M. N. Lomonosova , N. V. Sinelnikova & A. P. Sukhorukov 2010: Karyology of some species of the Chenopodiaceae family from Israel and Jordan. — Bot. Zhurn. 95: 270–272. Google Scholar
  21. D. G. Long 1984: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 216–219 in: A. J. C. Grierson & D. G. Long (ed.), Flora of Bhutan 1(2). — Edinburgh: Royal Botanic Garden. Google Scholar
  22. J. McNeill , F. R. Barrie , H.-M. Burdet & al. 2006: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Adopted by Seventeenth International Botanical Congress Vienna, Austria, July 2005. — Regnum Veg. 146; online at Scholar
  23. A. Moquin-Tandon 1849: Salsolaceae [Chenopodiaceae]. — Pp. 41–219 in: A. de Candolle (ed.), Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis 13(2). — Paris: V. Masson. Google Scholar
  24. S. L. Mosyakin & S. E. Clemants 2002: New nomenclatural combinations in Dysphania R. Br. (Chenopodiaceae): taxa occurring in North America. — Ukrayins'kyi Bot. Zhurn. 59: 380–385. Google Scholar
  25. S. L. Mosyakin & S. E. Clemants 2008: Further transfers of glandular-pubescent species from Chenopodium subgen. Ambrosia to Dysphania (Chenopodiaceae). — J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 425–431. Google Scholar
  26. J. Ortíz-Dorda , C. Martínez-Mora , E. Correal , B. Simyn & J. L. Cenis 2005: Genetic structure of Atriplex halimus populations in the Mediterranean Basin. — Ann. Bot. 95: 827–834. Google Scholar
  27. H. E. F. Ouarda , K. H'cini & S. Bouzial 2006: Chromosome numbers in Tunisian populations of Atriplex halimus L. (Chenopodiaceae). — African J. Biotechnol. 5: 1190–1193. Google Scholar
  28. C. Parker 1992: Weeds of Bhutan. — Bhutan: National Plant Protection Center. Google Scholar
  29. C. Pau 1903: Plantas nuevas para la flora Española procedentes de Cartagena. — Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 2: 65–73. Google Scholar
  30. J. R. Press , K. K. Shrestha & D. A. Sutton 2003: Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal. — London: Natural History Museum. Google Scholar
  31. H. Schinz 1890: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Deutsch-Südwest-Afrika und der angrenzenden Gebiete. — Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 31: 179–230. Google Scholar
  32. B. Thiers 2008+ [continuously updated]: Index herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. — New York Botanical Garden: Scholar
  33. P. Uotila 1997: Chenopodium. — Pp. 24–59 in: K. H. Rechinger (ed.), Flora iranica 172. — Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt. Google Scholar
  34. P. Uotila 2001: Chenopodium. — Pp. 13–52 in: S. I. Ali & M. Qaiser (ed.), Flora of Pakistan 204. — Karachi: Dep. of Botany, University of Karachi & Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Google Scholar
  35. D. J. Walker , I Moñino , E. González , N. Frayssinet & E. Correal 2005: Determination of ploidy and nuclear DNA content in populations of Atriplex halimus (Chenopodiaceae). — Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 147: 441–448. Google Scholar
  36. K. Yonekura 2008: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 53–61 in: H. Ohba , Y. Iokawa & L. R. Sharma (ed.), Flora of Mustang, Nepal. — Tokyo: Kodansha Scientific. Google Scholar
  37. G.-L. Zhu , S. L. Mosyakin & S. E. Clemants 2003: Chenopodiaceae. — Pp. 351–414 in: Z. Wu & P. H. Raven (ed.), Flora of China 5. — Bejing: Science Press & Oxford: University Press. Google Scholar
© 2012 BGBM Berlin-Dahlem.
and Alexander P. Sukhorukov "Taxonomic notes on Dysphania and Atriplex (Chenopodiaceae)," Willdenowia 42(2), (17 December 2012).

Back to Top