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1 November 2000 The Influence of Air Temperature and Sunlight Intensity on Mate-Locating Behavior of Pieris rapae crucivora
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Abstract

It is considered that the mate-locating behaviors of ectothermic insects are constrained by the ambient thermal conditions, since the flight ability depends on the body temperature. However, since ecological factors also influence the mating behaviors, the flight ability would not necessarily determine the time schedule of male mate-locating flight. To reveal how the ambient thermal conditions influence the mating behaviors, we investigated the association of air temperature and sunlight intensity with the diurnal schedule of female-searching behavior in male P. rapae crucivora. In the early morning, the proportion of female-searching males to basking males increased as the air temperature and sunlight intensity increased. The air temperature was also associated significantly with the diurnal schedule of male female-search on 7 of 8 observation days. The number of female-searching males reached the peak when the air temperature was between 24 and 29°C. On the other hand, the sunlight intensity did not account for the diurnal schedule of male female-search. The associations between the sunlight intensity and male female-search were not consistent among different days. When the air temperature was roughly constant, however, the sunlight intensity was correlated significantly with male activity of female-search. The regression of male activity of female-search as a function of sunlight intensity was improved, when it was assumed that the sunlight intensity influenced male behaviors with a delay of 1 to 4 minutes, and when it was assumed that the mean intensity of sunlight for 1 to 9 minutes influenced male behaviors.

Tadao Hirota and Yoshiaki Obara "The Influence of Air Temperature and Sunlight Intensity on Mate-Locating Behavior of Pieris rapae crucivora," Zoological Science 17(8), 1081-1087, (1 November 2000). https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.17.1081
Received: 6 April 2000; Accepted: 1 June 2000; Published: 1 November 2000
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