Guppy sperm are immotile in the fluid (seminal plasma) of the vas deferens. We previously reported that the initiation of sperm motility is regulated by “Hofmeister solutes” in the isotonic medium. This indicates that chaotropes in solution activate the guppy sperm, whereas counteracting kosmotropes negate this activational effect and keep the sperm immotile. Here we show that seminal plasma has a strong inhibitory effect on sperm activation in response to chaotropes and multivalent ions, and that this inhibitory effect is due to kosmotropicity of the seminal plasma. These findings suggest a novel system of regulation of sperm motility in the guppy, a viviparious fish, in which the sperm are kept immotile in the vas deferens by a physicochemical effect (the Hofmeister effect) of the seminal plasma.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.