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1 January 2008 Comparative Expression and Tissue Distribution Analyses of Astacin-Like Squid Metalloprotease in Squid and Cuttlefish
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Abstract

Astacin-like squid metalloprotease (ALSM) is a member of the astacin family of metalloproteases. In the present study, we investigated the expression and tissue distribution of ALSM in bigfin reef squid (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) and golden cuttlefish (Sepia esculenta). Myosin heavy chain hydrolysis tests showed ALSM-I-like activity in both species. We isolated partial cDNA clones showing high sequence similarity to ALSM-I and -III, suggesting that ALSM is common to squid and cuttlefish. Phylogenetic analysis showed that ALSMs are classified into two clades: ALSM-I forms one clade, and ALSM-II and -III form the other. ALSM was expressed in several tissues in bigfin reef squid, though expression was confined to the liver in cuttlefish. ALSMs are distributed in digestive organs but not in mantle muscle of squid and cuttlefish. Immunofluorescence analysis further showed that cellular localization of ALSM is evident not only in hepatic cells but also in pancreatic cells of bigfin reef squid. Thus, ALSM is commonly expressed in squid and cuttlefish, but its expression levels and distribution are distinct.

Nobuyuki Kanzawa, Takuya Ogawa, Masanori Asakura, Keisuke Okiyama, Michiyo Honda, and Takahide Tsuchiya "Comparative Expression and Tissue Distribution Analyses of Astacin-Like Squid Metalloprotease in Squid and Cuttlefish," Zoological Science 25(1), 14-21, (1 January 2008). https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.25.14
Received: 2 July 2007; Accepted: 1 August 2007; Published: 1 January 2008
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