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1 February 2008 A New Species of Bamboo Bat (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae: Tylonycteris) from Southwestern China
Qing Feng, Song Li, Yingxiang Wang
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Bamboo bats are a group of small bats with unique skull and morphology. They roost inside hollow bamboo stems in tropical and subtropical Asia and the Ambon Islands (Moluccas). We examined 53 specimens of Tylonycteris from southern and southwestern China. Comparisons of skull and external characteristics, pelage color, shapes of thumbpads and footpads, and statistical analysis of cranial measurements revealed that specimens from Damenglong, Jinghong County, Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, are distinctly different from the other two species of Tylonycteris described so far. The Yunnan specimens are the smallest in size; have dark blackish brown pelage color; and have larger upper premolars, smaller first lower premolars, and longer C-M3. They are sympatric with the previously described species. Here we review the genus Tylonycteri and describe a new species, Tylonycteris pygmaeus, from the Yunnan material.

Qing Feng, Song Li, and Yingxiang Wang "A New Species of Bamboo Bat (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae: Tylonycteris) from Southwestern China," Zoological Science 25(2), 225-234, (1 February 2008).
Received: 29 June 2006; Accepted: 1 September 2007; Published: 1 February 2008
new species
Southwestern China
taxonomic review
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