Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important components of the host innate defense system against pathogenic microbial invasion in many organisms. In the present study, we cloned by RT-PCR a cDNA from total RNA prepared from the skin of the Japanese brown frog Rana japonica. The cDNA directs the synthesis of a novel, non-C-terminally α-amidated peptide composed of 21 amino acid residues (FLGSLIGAAIPAIKQLLGLKK). The putative peptide showed limited sequence similarity to atypical acyclic brevinin-1OK family AMPs originally isolated from the skin of the Ryukyu brown frog (R. okinavana), which lacks the COOH-terminal cyclic domain commonly observed in typical brevinin-1 groups, but that contains a C-terminally α-amidated residue. Although it is unclear whether the peptide, designated brevinin-1Ja, is produced in R. japonica skin, a synthetic replicate of the peptide showed differential growth-inhibiting activity against the Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli (minimal inhibitory concentrations: 15 μM and 119 μM, respectively), and produced cell death of mammalian COS7 cells (LD50=28 μM).
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.