Apoptotic and necrotic changes in the midgut epithelium cells of Allacma fusca (Collembola, Symphypleona) are described at the ultrastructural level. The morphological sign indicating the beginning of the apoptotic process in these cells is their shrinkage and the transformation of their mitochondria. The nucleus assumes a lobular shape and finally undergoes fragmentation. The intercellular junctions between an apoptotic cell and adjacent epithelial cells gradually disappear. Apoptotic cells are discharged into the midgut lumen just beneath the peritrophic membrane, where they are initially distributed singly but ultimately form a single layer. No phagocytosis was observed, so no apoptotic bodies are formed. Only young midgut epithelium shows apoptosis; as cells age, necrosis accompanies apoptosis, and necrosis finally completely replaces apoptosis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.