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1 November 2010 The Introduced Asian Parasitic Copepod Neoergasilus japonicus (Harada) (Cyclopoida: Ergasilidae) from Endangered Cichlid Teleosts in Mexico
Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Amelia Paredes-Trujillo, David González-Solís
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The cyclopoid copepod Neoergasilus japonicus (Harada, 1930) is recorded from three endangered or threatened fish species from southeast Mexico: the tailbar cichlid Vieja hartwegi (Taylor and Miller, 1980); the Angostura cichlid V. breidohri (Werner and Stawikowski, 1987); and the sieve cichlid C. grammodes (Taylor and Miller, 1980). This ectoparasitic copepod is considered, together with most other members of Neoergasilus, an Eastern Asian form. N. japonicus is one of the most widespread parasitic Asian copepods, as it has rapidly invaded Europe and North America, including Mexico. We estimated the prevalence, mean abundance, and intensity of infection of N. japonicus in these cichlid teleosts; our data agree with previous works stating the high prevalence of this ectoparasite. This copepod has a wide range of hosts among freshwater fish taxa, but this is only the second published report from cichlids in the Neotropical region. The three cichlids surveyed, V. hartwegi, V. breidohri, and C. grammodes, are new hosts of this copepod. Its occurrence in Mexico is attributed to different events of introduction by human agency. This is the southernmost record of N. japonicus in continental America. It is a matter of concern that this copepod is parasitizing endangered or threatened endemic cichlids in the Neotropical region. Because its high infective efficiency and ability to shift hosts, this Asian parasite is expected to spread farther southwards into Central and South America.

© 2010 Zoological Society of Japan
Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Amelia Paredes-Trujillo, and David González-Solís "The Introduced Asian Parasitic Copepod Neoergasilus japonicus (Harada) (Cyclopoida: Ergasilidae) from Endangered Cichlid Teleosts in Mexico," Zoological Science 27(11), 851-855, (1 November 2010).
Received: 5 May 2010; Accepted: 1 May 2010; Published: 1 November 2010
endangered fish
exotic species
parasitic copepods
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