We simultaneously investigated eye and head movements and postural adjustment during orienting by measuring load force exerted by four limbs in cats. When light is moved from the fixation point to the target position, the head first begins moving towards the target position, and the eye moves in the opposite direction due to the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Later, the eye moves quickly in the target direction by saccade, synchronous with the remaining rapid head orientation movement. Head movement is classified as either ‘head rotation’ or ‘head translation’. During head rotation, the load force in ipsilateral limb to the target position decreased, and that in the contralateral limb increased. During head translation, on the contrary, load force in the ipsilateral limb increased and that in the contralateral limb decreased. This phenomenon was observed in fore- and hindlimbs. The latencies of head movement are very similar with those of the load force change in many trials, and in case in which the head movement has short latency, the amount of load force change is larger. In contrast, when head movement has long latency, the amount of load force change is smaller. In a previous study, we recorded two types of neurons from ponto-medullary reticular formation. The firing of these neurons was related with head movement. The cervical reticulospinal neuron (C-RSN) in ponto-medullary reticular formation got off collateral to both neck and forelimb motoneurons. These types were named phasic neuron (PN) and phasic sustained neuron (PSN). We discuss the relation between load changes and the two types of neurons and postural adjustment during orienting.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.