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1 February 2011 Molecular Cloning of Novel Antimicrobial Peptide Genes from the Skin of the Chinese Brown Frog, Rana chensinensis
Jie Zhao, Yan Sun, Zhi Li, Qi Su
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One species of the Chinese brown frog, Rana chensinensis, is widely distributed in north-central China. In this study, a cDNA library was constructed to clone the antimicrobial peptides' genes from the skin of R. chensinensis. Twenty-three prepropeptide cDNA sequences encoding twelve novel mature antimicrobial peptides were isolated and characterized. Six peptides belonged to three known families previously identified from other Ranid frogs: temporin (4 peptides), brevinin-2 (1 peptide), and palustrin-2 (1 peptide). The other six peptides showed little similarity to known antimicrobial peptides. According to the amino acid sequences, with or without α-helix structure, and either hydrophilic or hydrophobic, these were organized into four new families: chensinin-1 (3 peptides), chensinin-2 (1 peptide), chensinin-3 (1 peptide), and chensinin-4 (1 peptide). Five peptides from different families were chemically synthesized, and their antimicrobial, cytolytic, and hemolytic activities were evaluated. Of these, brevinin-2CE showed strongest antimicrobial activities against both the Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with a slight hemolysis. Temporin-1CEe and palustrin-2CE also displayed a slight hemolysis, but they had different activities to prokaryotic cells. Temporin-1CEe showed higher antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria than Gram-negative bacteria, whereas it was contrary to palustrin-2CE. Chensinin-1 CEb and chensinin-3CE only had moderate antimicrobial activity against microorganisms. In addition, the brevinin-2 peptides from different brown frogs were analyzed to reveal the taxonomy and phylogenetic relationships of R. chensinensis.

© 2011 Zoological Society of Japan
Jie Zhao, Yan Sun, Zhi Li, and Qi Su "Molecular Cloning of Novel Antimicrobial Peptide Genes from the Skin of the Chinese Brown Frog, Rana chensinensis," Zoological Science 28(2), 112-117, (1 February 2011).
Received: 29 May 2010; Accepted: 1 July 2010; Published: 1 February 2011
antimicrobial activity
antimicrobial peptide
Anti-tumor activity
molecular phylogeny
Rana chensinensis
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