The population genetic structure and demographic history of the ground beetle Pheropsophus jessoensis (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from the Tsinling-Dabashan Mountains, central China were estimated using the mtDNACol-tRNALeu-mtDNAColl region as a molecular marker. 184 individuals from 25 local populations, were collected. The haplotype diversity (Hd) of total and each individual sampled population was high, and was accompanied by lower nucleotide diversity (Pi). AMOVA analysis suggested that most of the variation was within populations (92.17%), while differentiation of among populations only contributed 7.83% to the total. Mantel test results showed significant correlation between the pairwise calculated genetic distance and pairwise calculated geographical distance of the populations (Rxy = 0.360529, P = 0.00001 < 0.01), indicating the presence of isolationby-distance. No phylogeographic structure was found within the Tsinling-Dabashan Mountains region. Statistical phylogeographic analysis indicated that the contemporary populations are derived from multiple ancestral-refugial source populations. Gene flow calculated through the Nm was high between many pairs of populations, which was probably due to ancient vicariance and subsequent rapid expansion of populations. The results of neutral test, mismatch distribution analyses, and Bayesian Skyline Plot (BSP) analysis together indicated a sudden demographic expansion. The estimated expansion time of individual haplogroup and the whole sampled population were 0.012–0.278 Myr, and a sudden expansion was identified between 0.05 Myr to 0.01 Myr by BSP. The postglacial population expansion might lead to the lack of phylogeographic structure.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 29 • No. 4