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1 August 2012 Retrograde Labeling and Fine Structure of Olfactory Receptor Neurons in Cat Sharks
Rieko Niikura, Kei Nakatani
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Abstract

Ciliated and microvillar olfactory receptor cells have been reported in many fish species, including teleosts and elasmobranchs. Morphological studies have suggested that microvillar cells are the only olfactory receptor cells in the elasmobranchs; however, there is no direct evidence for this hypothesis. Here we used a cat shark (Scyliorhinus torazame) to determine the cell type of the olfactory receptor cells in elasmobranchs. Retrograde labeling with a fluorescent dye, Dil, labeled only cells in the second layer from the surface of the olfactory epithelium, suggesting that ciliated cells located in the surface layer are not olfactory receptor cells. In addition, electron microscopic observation revealed that the labeled cells in the second layer have a thin dendritic knob extending from the cell body to the free surface of the epithelium. A part of the dendritic knob facing the mucous layer did not have ciliary structures. These results provide evidence that the aciliate cells are the only olfactory receptor cells in the cat shark olfactory organ.

© 2012 Zoological Society of Japan
Rieko Niikura and Kei Nakatani "Retrograde Labeling and Fine Structure of Olfactory Receptor Neurons in Cat Sharks," Zoological Science 29(8), 477-480, (1 August 2012). https://doi.org/10.2108/zsj.29.477
Received: 17 October 2011; Accepted: 1 March 2012; Published: 1 August 2012
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