Rana zhenhaiensis, a species of brown frog, is widely distributed in central and south China. In the present study, a total of 14 cDNA sequences encoding eight novel antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were cloned from the synthesized cDNAs of R. zhenhaiensis skin. The eight novel AMPs belong to four families: brevinin-1 (four peptides), brevinin-2 (one peptide), ranatuerin-2 (one peptide) and chensinin-1 (two peptides), five AMPs from the four families (brevinin-1ZHa, brevinin-1ZHb, brevinin-2ZHa, ranatuerin-2ZHa and chensinin-1ZHa) were chemically synthesized, their antimicrobial and hemolytic activities were examined. The results indicated that the five AMPs possess different antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. Of these, brevinin-2ZHa exhibited the strongest and most broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) experiment was carried out to investigate the potential antimicrobial mechanism of chensinin-1ZHa. The result indicated that chensinin-1ZHa may exert its function through disruption of the bacterial membrane.
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Vol. 29 • No. 9