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1 March 2013 Ontogenetic Scaling of the Humerus in Sea Turtles and Its Implications for Locomotion
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In the present study, we analyzed the ontogenetic scaling of humeri in the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta). Green turtles have relatively thicker humeri than loggerhead turtles, indicating that the humerus of the green turtle can resist greater loads. Our results are consistent with isometry, or slightly negative allometry, of diameter in relation to length of the humerus in both species. Geometric similarity or isometry of the humerus in relation to body mass is supported by estimates of the cross-sectional properties of green turtles. Sea turtles are adapted for aquatic life, but also perform terrestrial locomotion. Thus, during terrestrial locomotion, which requires support against gravity, the observed scaling relationships indicate that there may be greater stress and fracture risk on the humeri of larger green turtles than on the humeri of smaller turtles. In aquatic habitats, in which limbs are mainly used for propulsion, the stress and fracture risk for green turtle humeri are estimated to increase with greater speed. This scaling pattern may be related to the possibility that smaller turtles swim at a relatively faster speed per body length.

© 2013 Zoological Society of Japan
Hideaki Nishizawa, Masakazu Asahara, and Naoki Kamezaki "Ontogenetic Scaling of the Humerus in Sea Turtles and Its Implications for Locomotion," Zoological Science 30(3), 211-216, (1 March 2013).
Received: 22 May 2012; Accepted: 18 October 2012; Published: 1 March 2013

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