1 April 2015 The Oldest Post-Palaeozoic Crinoid and Permian-Triassic Origins of the Articulata (Echinodermata)
Tatsuo Oji, Richard J. Twitchett
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The Crinoidea are the most primitive class of living echinoderms, and suffered a severe crisis during the Late Permian mass extinction event. All post-Palaeozoic crinoids, including living species, belong to the Articulata, and morphological and recent molecular studies demonstrate that they form a monophyletic clade. The Articulata originated from Palaeozoic cladid crinoids, but the nature and timing of their origination remains obscure. Problems with understanding the origin and early evolution of the Articulata have arisen because the Permian—Triassic crinoid fossil record is particularly poor. We report on a new genus and species from the earliest Triassic, which is the oldest known post-Palaeozoic articulate crinoid and fundamentally alters our understanding of the early evolution of the Articulata. Prior to this study, the most primitive post-Palaeozoic articulate was thought to be Holocrinus of the order Isocrinida. Unexpectedly, the new taxon belongs to the order Encrinida, which reveals a previously hidden diversity of crinoids in the earliest Triassic. Its discovery implies either a dramatic radiation of crinoids in the immediate post-extinction aftermath, when environmental conditions were at their most severe, or a pre-extinction origin of the crown group articulates and survival of multiple lineages.

©2015 Zoological Society of Japan
Tatsuo Oji and Richard J. Twitchett "The Oldest Post-Palaeozoic Crinoid and Permian-Triassic Origins of the Articulata (Echinodermata)," Zoological Science 32(2), 211-215, (1 April 2015). https://doi.org/10.2108/zs140240
Received: 27 October 2014; Accepted: 1 December 2014; Published: 1 April 2015
AI Jil Formation
Early Triassic
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