Integration of signaling pathways is important for the establishment of the body plan during embryogenesis. However, little is known about how the multiple signals interact to regulate morphogenesis. Here, we show that junb is expressed in the posterior neural plate and the caudal fin during Xenopus embryogenesis and that overexpression of wild-type JunB induces small head phenotypes and ectopic tail-like structures. A mutant form of JunB that lacked GSK3 and MAPK phosphorylation sites showed stronger tail-like structure-inducing activity than wild-type JunB. Moreover, the mutant JunB induced expression of tailbud and neural marker genes, but not somite and chordoneural hinge (CNH) marker genes in ectopic tail-like structures. In ectodermal explants of Xenopus embryos, overexpression of JunB increased the expression of tailbud and posterior marker genes including fgf3, xbra (t) and wnt8. These results indicate that JunB is capable of inducing the ectopic formation of tissues similar to the tailbud, and that the tailbud-inducing activity of JunB is likely to be regulated by FGF and Wnt pathways. Overall, our results suggest that JunB is a regulator of tail organization possibly through integration of several morphogen signaling pathways.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 33 • No. 3