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1 August 2016 Ontogeny of the Appendicular Skeleton in Melanosuchus niger (Crocodylia: Alligatoridae)
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The objective of the present study was to analyze chondrogenesis and the ossification pattern of the limbs of Melanosuchus niger in order to contribute with possible discussions on homology and the fusion pattern of autopodial elements and phylogeny. In the Reserva Extrativista do Lago Cuniã, Rondônia, Brazil, six nests were marked and two eggs removed from each nest at 24-hour intervals until hatching. Embryos were cleared using KOH; bone tissue was stained with alizarin red S and cartilage with Alcian blue. Routine staining with HE was also performed. In the pectoral girdle, the scapula showed ossification centers before the coracoid process. In the pelvic girdle, the ilium and the ischium were condensed as a single cartilage, although ossification took place through two separate centers, forming distinct elements in the adult. The pubis developed from an independent cartilaginous center with free end, which reflects its function in breathing. In the initial stages, the stylopodium and the zeugopodium developed from the condensation of a Y-shaped cartilage in the limbs, and differentiation of the primary axis and digital arch were observed. The greatest changes were observed in the mesopodia. In their evolution, Crocodylia underwent a vast reduction in the number of autopodial elements as a consequence of fusions and ossification of some elements. This study shows that the chondrogenesis and ossification sequences are dissociated. Moreover, the differences between M. niger and other species show clear variation in the patterns for these events in Alligatoridae.

© 2016 Zoological Society of Japan
Lucélia Gonçalves Vieira, André Luiz Quaqliatto Santos, Fabiano Campos Lima, Sônia Helena Santesso Teixeira de Mendonça, Lorena Tannus Menezes, and Antônio Sebben "Ontogeny of the Appendicular Skeleton in Melanosuchus niger (Crocodylia: Alligatoridae)," Zoological Science 33(4), 372-383, (1 August 2016).
Received: 27 August 2015; Accepted: 2 March 2016; Published: 1 August 2016

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