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24 January 2020 Motility of the Labial Palps in Feeding Behavior and its Innervation in the Marine Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis
Masahito Okutani, Makoto Kurokawa
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The labial palps of bivalves are thought to be involved in suspension feeding. However, the function of their muscular movements and neural regulation are still unclear. In semi-intact preparations of Mytilus, in which one valve was removed, suspended particles were removed from the labial palps following two kinds of compound movements: torsional and rotational. Both of these compound movements are therefore thought to function in rejection during feeding. These movements were observed in reduced preparations of isolated labial palps with intact cerebral ganglia, and were maintained even after removal of the cerebral ganglia, suggesting that they are generated by the peripheral neural network. Stimulation of the anterior pallial nerve elicited tetanic contraction of the labial palp, followed by secondary responses, including torsional movement. Secondary responses were dramatically reduced by a high concentration of divalent cations, in which polysynaptic pathways were inhibited. Hence, the cerebral ganglia may play an excitatory role within the peripheral neural network and the labial palp musculature via the anterior pallial nerve. Administration of serotonin induced repetitive muscular movements, whereas dopamine did not induce muscular movements. Serotonin-induced muscular movements were not elicited under a high concentration of divalent cation condition. In histochemical experiments, both the serotonergic and dopaminergic neural processes and cell body-like structures were widely observed inside the labial palp, the anterior pallial nerve, and the cerebral ganglia. Serotonin may thus contribute to activation of polysynaptic peripheral pathways, which are involved in regulating compound movements.

© 2020 Zoological Society of Japan
Masahito Okutani and Makoto Kurokawa "Motility of the Labial Palps in Feeding Behavior and its Innervation in the Marine Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis," Zoological Science 37(1), 50-60, (24 January 2020).
Received: 28 January 2019; Accepted: 14 August 2019; Published: 24 January 2020

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