The Tsushima salamander, Hynobius tsuensis, is a lotic-breeding species endemic to Tsushima Island, Japan. We investigated genetic variation in this species using samples covering all known localities on the island. Phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences divided H. tsuensis populations into two genetic groups: true H. tsuensis and an unknown species (Hynobius sp.) showing a closer relationship to Hynobius nebulosus than to H. tsuensis. The genetic distance between the two groups was greater than the genetic distances between different species of Hynobius. Both groups were found to breed in mountain streams, sometimes in the same streams syntopically. Population structure analysis based on several nuclear microsatellite loci strongly indicated reproductive isolation between the two groups in the syntopic localities. This is the first report confirming the syntopic occurrence of two lotic salamanders of Hynobius on a small island. We propose that the lotic breeding habits of the two salamanders were independently acquired.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 38 • No. 3