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5 May 2022 Periodic Stretching of Cultured Myotubes Enhances Myofibril Assembly
Takahiro Nomura, Kimihide Hayakawa, Naruki Sato, Takashi Obinata
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The effects of mechanical stress on cultured muscle cells were examined with particular interest in myofibril assembly by using a cell-stretching system. We observed that formation and maintenance of cross-striated myofibrils in chick muscle cell cultures was suppressed in the media containing higher concentration of KCl, tetrodotoxin, or ML-9 (an inhibitor of myosin light chain kinase), but periodic stretching of myotubes for several days enabled formation of striated myofibrils just as in standard muscle cultures. However, ryanodine (a blocker of the Ca2 + channel in sarcoplasmic reticulum) and BDM (an inhibitor of myosin-actin interaction) suppressed the stretch-induced myofibrillogenesis. We further found that stretching of myotubes causes quick and transient elevation of the intracellular Ca2 + concentration and this elevation is disturbed by inhibition of Ca2 + channels of sarcoplasmic reticulum and suppression of Ca2 + influx from culture medium. These observations indicate that periodic stretching induces elevation of intracellular Ca2 + concentration and that this elevation may be due to release of Ca2 + from sarcoplasmic reticulum and Ca2 + influx from outside of the cells. The increased Ca2 + may activate actin-myosin interaction by interacting with troponin that is located along actin filaments and/or inducing phosphorylation of myosin light chains and thereby promote myofibril assembly.

© 2022 Zoological Society of Japan
Takahiro Nomura, Kimihide Hayakawa, Naruki Sato, and Takashi Obinata "Periodic Stretching of Cultured Myotubes Enhances Myofibril Assembly," Zoological Science 39(4), 320-329, (5 May 2022).
Received: 13 February 2022; Accepted: 22 March 2022; Published: 5 May 2022
calcium ion
myofibril assembly
skeletal muscle cell culture
stretching of muscle cells
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