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7 February 2023 Histological and Molecular Characterization of the Inferior Olivary Nucleus and Climbing Fibers in the Goldfish, Carassius auratus
Takanori Ikenaga, Shohei Morita, Thomas E. Finger
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The cerebellum receives inputs via the climbing fibers originating from the inferior olivary nucleus in the ventral medulla. In mammals, the climbing fibers entwine and terminate onto both major and peripheral branches of dendrites of the Purkinje cells. In this study, the inferior olivary nucleus and climbing fiber in the goldfish were investigated with several histological techniques. By neural tracer application to the hemisphere of the cerebellum, labeled inferior olivary neurons were found in the ventral edge of the contralateral medulla. Kainate stimulated Co + + uptake and gephyrin immunoreactivities were found in inferior olivary neurons, indicating, respectively, that they receive both excitatory (glutamatergic) and inhibitory (GABAergic or glycinergic) inputs. Inferior olivary neurons express vglut2.1 transcripts, suggesting they are glutamatergic. Around 85% of inferior olivary neurons were labeled with anti-calretinin antiserum. Calretinin immunoreactive (ir) climbing fiber terminal-like structures were distributed near the Purkinje cells and in the molecular layer. Double labeling immunofluorescence with anti-calretinin and zebrin II antisera revealed that the calretinin-ir climbing fibers run along and made synaptic-like contacts on the major dendrites of the zebrin II-ir Purkinje cells. In teleost fish, cerebellar efferent neurons, eurydendroid cells, also lie near the Purkinje cells and extend dendrites outward to intermingle with dendrites of the Purkinje cells within the molecular layer. Here we found no contacts between the climbing fiber terminals and the eurydendroid cell dendrites. These results support the idea that Purkinje cells, but not eurydendroid cells, receive strong inputs via the climbing fibers, similar to the mammalian situation.

© 2023 Zoological Society of Japan
Takanori Ikenaga, Shohei Morita, and Thomas E. Finger "Histological and Molecular Characterization of the Inferior Olivary Nucleus and Climbing Fibers in the Goldfish, Carassius auratus," Zoological Science 40(2), 141-150, (7 February 2023).
Received: 26 September 2022; Accepted: 10 December 2022; Published: 7 February 2023
cerebellar efferent neuron
climbing fiber
inferior olivary nucleus
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