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1 September 2002 Low Bone Density and Renal Dysfunction Following Environmental Cadmium Exposure in China
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Abstract

This paper presents the main findings of a study on health effects of environmental cadmium pollution in China, performed in 1998, i.e. approximately 25 years after the first warnings of such effects were published in Ambio. Forearm bone mineral density (BMD) and renal dysfunction were assessed in population groups exposed to cadmium via rice. Decreased BMD was found in postmenopausal women with elevated urinary cadmium (CdU) or cadmium in blood (CdB) and among men with elevated CdB. Also, clear and statistically significant dose-effect and dose-response relationships were found between CdB or CdU and renal dysfunction (increased excretion of retinol-binding protein). This is the first report of bone effects among Cd-exposed population groups in Asia outside Japan. The report is also of interest since it demonstrates that bone effects, a comparatively severe adverse health effect of Cd, in combination with renal dysfunction, still occurs in environmentally exposed population groups in Asia. Recent reports on bone effects in Cd-exposed population groups in Europe are discussed.

Gunnar Nordberg, Taiyi Jin, Alfred Bernard, Sebastien Fierens, Jean Pierre Buchet, Tingting Ye, Qinghu Kong, and Hongfu Wang "Low Bone Density and Renal Dysfunction Following Environmental Cadmium Exposure in China," AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 31(6), (1 September 2002). https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-31.6.478
Accepted: 1 February 2002; Published: 1 September 2002
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