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1 April 2018 Insecticidal Activity of Garlic (Allium sativum) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Oils on the Cotton Leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
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Abstract
Management of Spodoptera littoralis infestation has been achieved by using chemical insecticides; however, the environment-friendly methods without unwanted side effects of these chemicals are becoming very important in modern pest management strategies. Natural products including plant extracts and oils are some of the alternative approaches in pest control. In the present work, insecticidal activities of oils from garlic cloves (Allium sativum), and ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale) were evaluated on S. littoralis by means of sublethal concentrations. The essential oils were extracted and their chemical composition was identified using a GC Ultra-ISQ mass spectrometer. The results showed that there were highly significant differences between all treatments and the control in some biological aspects. The larval and pupal duration was significantly prolonged, also pupal weight increased for all treatments when compared to the control. The percentage of hatchability of deposited eggs was significantly decreased, especially when using ginger both oil extracts at LC50 concentration. On the other hand, the pupation percentage, rate of adult emergence, sex ratio and female fecundity were not significantly affected by all applications. The catalase enzyme (CAT) activity showed significant difference only at LC50 of ginger oil.
©Entomological Society of Southern Africa
H.M. Hamada, M. Awad, M. El-Hefny and M.A.M. Moustafa "Insecticidal Activity of Garlic (Allium sativum) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale) Oils on the Cotton Leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," African Entomology 26(1), (1 April 2018). https://doi.org/10.4001/003.026.0084
Received: 15 March 2017; Accepted: 1 October 2017; Published: 1 April 2018
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