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1 September 2012 Sand Fly Fauna in Chapare, Bolivia: An Endemic Focus of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis
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Abstract

Data on the distribution and abundance of Lutzomyia spp. (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Bolivia is scarce. Sand flies from an area of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis endemicity in the Isiboro-Secure National Park in the Department of Cochabamba were captured and identified to species. In total, 945 sand flies (789 females and 156 males) belonging to 15 species were collected from the four collection points in two study villages in 2007. With 549 (58.1%) specimens, Lutzomyia shawi was the most abundant species, followed by Lutzomyia (Trichophoromyia) sp. (22.2%), Lutzomyia llanosmartinsi (8.3%), Lutzomyia antunesi (4.3%), and Lutzomyia olmeca (2.1%). Abundance and species composition varied between rainy and dry seasons, with 99.3% of all sand flies being collected outdoors. Because of species abundance and confirmed Leishmania infection in previous entomological collections, we believe Lu. shawi is the vector of L. (Viannia) braziliensis in Isiboro-Secure National Park.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
Marinely Bustamante, Mery Diaz, Jorge Espinoza, Rudy Parrado, Richard Reithinger, and Ana Lineth Garcia "Sand Fly Fauna in Chapare, Bolivia: An Endemic Focus of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis," Journal of Medical Entomology 49(5), 1159-1162, (1 September 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME12013
Received: 21 January 2012; Accepted: 1 May 2012; Published: 1 September 2012
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