Encelia, Enceliopsis, and Geraea are three closely related genera of shrubs and herbs distributed in the arid lands of western North and South America. Resolution of relationships within Encelia has traditionally been difficult because there is some morphological overlap among species, and species hybridize when sympatric. In this study, we used DNA sequence data from two nuclear regions (ITS and ETS) and two chloroplast regions (psbA-trnH and trnS-trnfM) to infer phylogenetic relationships among 19 species, subspecies, and varieties of Encelia. Eight species of Enceliopsis, Geraea, Simsia, and Bahiopsis were also included as outgroups. These data support previous hypotheses suggesting that Encelia is monophyletic and sister to Enceliopsis Geraea. In addition, our data provide evidence for two major subclades within Encelia that are supported by morphological synapomorphies. However, little differentiation was observed among species of Encelia within subclades. This lack of differentiation may be the result of a recent diversification of the genus including recent radiation in the Peninsular Desert.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.