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8 December 2021 Rapid Emergence of the Reassortant 2.3.4.4b H5N2 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in a Live Poultry Market in Xinjiang, Northwest China
Dilihuma Aji, Nana Chang, Cheng Zhang, Fei Du, Juan Li, Fengze Yun, Weifeng Shi, Yuhai Bi, Zhenghai Ma
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Abstract

Live poultry markets (LPMs) play a key role in reassorting and spreading avian influenza viruses (AIVs). In 2018, four strains of H5N2 AIVs were isolated from domestic ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) during AIV surveillance from the LPM in Urumqi, Xinjiang, China. All gene segments of the isolates were amplified by reverse transcription–PCR and sequenced; then, the viral genetic mutations, reassortant, and origin were analyzed. Higher nucleotide identities were observed among each gene of the isolates, indicating a common ancestor. The hemagglutinin (HA) genes of the isolates all classified into the clade 2.3.4.4b; the HA, matrix protein (MP), and nonstructural protein (NS) genes were all clustered together with the local H5N6 highly pathogenic AIVs (HPAIVs) identified in the same LPM of Urumqi in July 2017; the neuraminidase albumen, polymerase basic proteins 1 and 2, polymerase acidic protein, and nucleocapsid protein genes (NA, PB1, PB2, PA, and NP) all had close phylogenetic relationships with the local H9N2 AIVs identified in the same LPM from September to October 2018. Multiple basic amino acids were present at the cleavage site of the HA protein, which was associated with HPAIVs. These results indicated that the reassortant clade 2.3.4.4b H5N2 HPAIVs were rapidly generated from reassortment between the H5N6 and H9N2 AIVs in the local LPM of Urumqi in 2018.

Dilihuma Aji, Nana Chang, Cheng Zhang, Fei Du, Juan Li, Fengze Yun, Weifeng Shi, Yuhai Bi, and Zhenghai Ma "Rapid Emergence of the Reassortant 2.3.4.4b H5N2 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in a Live Poultry Market in Xinjiang, Northwest China," Avian Diseases 65(4), 578-583, (8 December 2021). https://doi.org/10.1637/aviandiseases-D-21-00075
Received: 3 August 2021; Accepted: 12 October 2021; Published: 8 December 2021
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KEYWORDS
AIV
clade 2.3.4.4b
H5N2
LPM
phylogenetic
reassortant
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