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7 September 2012 Ecology of the Flap-Necked Chameleon Chamaeleo dilepis In Southern Africa
Leeann T. Reaney, Stephen Yee, Jonathan B. Losos, Martin J. Whiting
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Abstract

We quantified sexual size dimorphism, reproduction, and diet in the flap-necked chameleon, Chamaeleo dilepis, using museum specimens. Females were larger than males in both snout-vent length (SVL) and pelvic width. The smallest sexually reproductive female was 80 mm SVL, whereas the smallest mature male was 60 mm. Female body size also correlated with clutch size (mean: 44.2, range: 19–74) and volume, suggesting the female-biased size dimorphism may be the product of fecundity selection. Males and females have slightly asynchronous reproductive cycles but breed during spring–summer. Chamaeleo dilepis feeds on a range of arthropods, but their diet is dominated both numerically and volumetrically by orthopterans, followed by coleopterans.

Leeann T. Reaney, Stephen Yee, Jonathan B. Losos, and Martin J. Whiting "Ecology of the Flap-Necked Chameleon Chamaeleo dilepis In Southern Africa," Breviora 532(1), 1-18, (7 September 2012). https://doi.org/10.3099/532.1
Published: 7 September 2012
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Chamaeleo dilepis
diet
flap-necked chameleon
reproduction
sexual dimorphism
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