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1 December 2010 Oxymirus cursor and Leptura aurulenta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): First Records for Turkey
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Abstract

Two lepturine longicorn beetles, Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) and Leptura aurulenta Fabricius, 1792 with zoogeographical remarks are recorded for the first time in Turkey.

Two lepturine longicorn beetles are determined as new records for Turkish fauna. These are Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) in the tribe Oxymirini and Leptura aurulenta Fabricius, 1792 in the tribe Lepturini. Larvae of both species feed in coniferous and deciduous trees. The present materials were deposited in Istanbul University (Faculty of Forestry) and Gazi University (Department of Biology). The specimens were detected during our examination of the Cerambycidae collection of Faculty of Forestry at Istanbul University.

The small genus Oxymirus Mulsant, 1863, that belongs to the tribe Oxymirini Danilevsky, 1997, includes only 2 species as Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) and Oxymirus mirabilis (Motschulsky, 1838) in the world fauna. It has W-Palaearctic chorotype (European and SW-Asiatic chorotypes) zoogeographically.

It has been represented only by 1 species, Oxymirus mirabilis (Motschulsky, 1838), in Turkey (Özdikmen 2010). Additional data on distributions in other regions is given by Sama (1982) and Özdikmen (2010).

The species has been recorded only from NE Anatolia (Ordu prov.: Mesudiye (Sama 1982) and Giresun prov.: Eğribel pass-Kümbet plateau (Özdikmen 2010)) for Turkey. It also occurs in Caucasus (Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia) and North Iran. Thus, it has SW-Asiatic (Anatolo-Caucasian + Irano-Caucasian + Irano-Anatolian) chorotype.

The other species Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus), the type species for the genus, has not been reported previously from Turkey (Ozdikmen 2010). The present record is the first report for Turkey.

Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Fig. 1A)

  • Original Combination. Cerambyx cursor Linnaeus, 1758.

  • Material Examined. Artvin prov.: Hatila forest, 2 specimens. The material stored in Istanbul University (Faculty of Forestry).

  • Range

    Europe (Spain, France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Czechia, Slovakia, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands, Denmark, Poland, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belorussia, Ukraine, Moldova, European Russia), W Siberia. Chorotype.

    European or Sibero-European.

  • Remarks

    This species is polyphagous but prefers conifers (Picea, Pinus, Abies, Larix, Fagus, Alnus, Betula, Corylus etc.). Adults are predominantly nocturnal. Larvae are in dead decaying moist wood (Svacha & Danilevsky 1988; Bense 1995; Sama 2002). It is rather variable and has many described aberrations. This is the first record for Turkey and probably it is distributed at least in N Turkey according to present records that constitute the farthest east point in south of the known distribution area of the species.

    The other genus Leptura that belongs to the tribe Lepturini Latreille, 1804, includes many species in the world fauna. Zoogeographically, it has Holarctic chorotype (Nearctic + Palaearctic chorotypes).

    According to Danilevsky (2010), the genus Leptura is represented by 3 subgenera as Leptura Linnaeus that includes many species, Macroleptura Nakane et Ohbayashi that includes only a few species, and Noona Sama that includes only the species Leptura regalis Bates, 1884.

    The genus has been represented only by 2 species of the nominotypical subgenus in Turkey as Leptura aethiops Poda, 1761 and Leptura quadrifasciata Linnaeus, 1758 until now.

    Leptura (Macroleptura) thoracica (Creutzer, 1799) and Leptura (s. str.) annularis Fabricius, 1801 were reported only by Lodos (1998) from Turkey without any exact locality, and these records are not confirmed for Turkey now.

    Leptura aethiops Poda, 1761 has been recorded only from NE Anatolia (Turkey (Lobanov et al. 1981; Danilevsky & Miroshnikov 1985; Svacha & Danilevsky 1988; Lodos 1998), and Rize prov.: Ihcaköy and Trabzon prov.: Soğanlı (Tauzin 2000)) for Turkey (Özdikmen 2007). It also occurs in Europe (Spain to European Russia), Siberia, Far East Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan, Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Turkey, Iran. Thus, it has Sibero-European chorotype.

    Leptura quadrifasciata Linnaeus, 1758, which is the type species of the genus, has been recorded by various authors from almost the whole territory of north Turkey (west point to east point) (Özdikmen 2007). It also occurs in Europe (Spain to European Russia and European Kazakhstan), Siberia, Far East Russia, Mongolia, China, Japan, Caucasus, Turkey, Iran. Thus, it also has Sibero-European chorotype.

    Leptura aurulenta Fabricius, 1792 has not been reported from Turkey, and this is the first report for Turkey and increases the Turkish Leptura to 3.

  • Fig. 1.

    A. Oxymirus cursor (Linnaeus, 1758), B. Leptura aurulenta Fabricius, 1792

    f01_516.eps

    Leptura aurulenta Fabricius, 1792 (Fig. 1B)

  • Material Examined

    Istanbul prov.: Şile, 2003, 2 specimens. The material stored in Gazi University (Science and Arts Faculty, Department of Biology).

  • Range

    Europe (Portugal, Spain, France, Corsica, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, Great Britain, Ireland, Czechia, Slovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Moldova, European Russia), North Africa (Algeria), Turkey. Chorotype. W-Palaearctic.

  • Remarks

    This species develops in deciduous trees (Fagus, Quercus, Alnus, Castanea, Betula, Juglands, Salix, Populus, Prunus). Larvae are in dead stumps, trunks or big branches of trees (Svacha & Danilevsky 1988; Bense 1995; Sama 2002). It is rather variable and has many described varieties. It was reported by Sama (2002) as a new record for Greece. The present material is the first record for Turkey and probably it is distributed at least in NW Turkey according to present records that also constitute the farthest east point south of the known distribution area of the species.

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    Semra Turgut, Huseyin Ozdikmen, and Huseyin Cebeci "Oxymirus cursor and Leptura aurulenta (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae): First Records for Turkey," Florida Entomologist 93(4), 516-518, (1 December 2010). https://doi.org/10.1653/024.093.0407
    Published: 1 December 2010
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