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1 March 2017 CACIMBA DO PADRE BEACH, FERNANDO DE NORONHA ISLAND, BRAZIL

Cacimba do Padre Beach, Fernando de Noronha Island, Brazil.

The above picture shows the northeast part of Cacimba do Padre Beach, in Fernando de Noronha Island (3°50'54”S; 32°26'22”W). In the foreground, a large mat of beach morning glory (Ipomea pes-caprae) is shown, which helps to stabilize beach sand, predominantly bioclastic. This vegetation also has an aesthetical value for tourists seeking to experience the perception of pristine beaches. The upper reaches of beach berm serve as a nesting area for green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) use the adjacent waters as feeding grounds. Higher up the beach, a bush of invasive white leadtree (Leucaena leucocephala) is present. In the background, a magmatic rock cliff is shown. The Fernando de Noronha Archipelago is formed by the main, homonymous island and 20 other secondary islands. Located in the tropical South Atlantic, 345 km off São Roque Cape, this archipelago is the tip of a volcanic edifice, whose base is approximately 4,000 m deep. The archipelago was discovered in 1503 by Americo Vespucio, and it has been used as a penal colony and a United States military base during World War II. The islands are strongly influenced by the South Equatorial Current, which flows from East to West, and also by ESE trade winds. During austral summer, waves generated in the Northern Hemisphere can reach up to 5mhigh, making the island an important destination for surfers. Fernando de Noronha Marine National Park covers the majority of the island, which imposes restrictions to visitors and local inhabitants alike. Surrounding the national park, the Fernando de Noronha Environmental Protection Area is a less restrictive marine protected area, designed to function as a buffer zone against human influences. In recent years, the island has experienced a strong flux of tourists, bringing challenges for coastal managers to mediate between the push of the local community for economic growth (i.e. tourism commerce) and the environmental restrictions that help preserve the two marine protected areas. (Photograph taken 11 May 2016 by Walter Martin Widmer, Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina [IFSC], Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.)

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©Coastal Education and Research Foundation, Inc. 2017
"CACIMBA DO PADRE BEACH, FERNANDO DE NORONHA ISLAND, BRAZIL," Journal of Coastal Research 33(2), (1 March 2017). https://doi.org/10.2112/1551-5036-33.2.ii
Published: 1 March 2017
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