Kang, Y.K. and An, S.H., 2018. Development of New Coastal Erosion Countermeasure Using Wave Energy Control Method. In: Shim, J.-S.; Chun, I., and Lim, H.S. (eds.), Proceedings from the International Coastal Symposium (ICS) 2018 (Busan, Republic of Korea). Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 85, pp. 1516–1520. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Coastal erosion has become a social issue around the world, including Korea. A Considerable number of coastal erosions have occurred along the East Sea in Korea, primarily caused by port and harbor developments. Countermeasures have generally utilized wave breaks with wide–low–crest submerged breakwater (so-called artificial reefs), which are coastal constructions emulating the wave absorbing effect of natural reefs with good wave–protection performance. However, these result in secondary damages such as scouring near openings and erosion towards the rear because of strong currents generated by wave setups. This study suggests a new countermeasure for coastal erosion by controlling wave energy differentiated by incident wave, i.e., wave direction control method (WDCM) to prevent the critical coastal erosion expected from a massive harbor expansion project planned along the east coast of Korea. The WDCM attempts to balance disparities in wave energy caused by harbor expansion to restrain imbalanced wave energies that result in imbalanced littoral drift. To accomplish this purpose, low crest structures are obliquely deployed at 250–300 m from the coastline to manipulate the wave energy by modulating incident wave direction. This new deployment method avoids excessive interference with the incident waves, and prevents resilience by leaving cross-shore sediment transport unhindered. In order to determine the effectiveness of the proposed WDCM, numerical computations were conducted evaluating its performance regarding coastal erosion prevention.