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19 November 2015 Comparison of Living and Bedrooms in Terms of House Dust Mites in the Province of Erzincan, Turkey
Erhan Zeytun, Salih Doğan, Fatih Özçiçek, Edhem Ünver, Sibel Dilkaraoğlu
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The most important factors in development of symptoms such as allergic asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and dermatitis in atopic persons are the allergens of house dust mites. The objective of this study was to compare living rooms and bedrooms, and woolen and spring mattresses in terms of the number and species of mites in houses in the province of Erzincan, Turkey. In total, 74 dust samples were collected from living rooms and bedrooms of 37 randomly selected houses from various districts of the city. All examined houses were positive for house dust mites. In total, 5,210 mites were isolated, 1,058 from the living rooms and 4,152 from the bedrooms, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Of 4,152 mites detected in bedrooms, 1,330 (32%) were isolated from 31 spring mattresses and 2,822 (68%) from 6 woolen mattresses (P < 0.001). The study identified 14 families, 17 genera, and 16 species belonging to Astigmata, Prostigmata, and Oribatida. Of these, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart) was the dominant species: living rooms, 63.3%; bedrooms, 74.4%; woolen mattresses, 84.6%; and spring mattresses, 52.8%. This was followed by Lepidoglyphus destructor (Schrank) (9.8%), Dermatophagoides farinae Hughes (5.1%), Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (4.3%), and Acarus siro L. (2.5%) in living rooms; L. destructor (11.2%), Euroglyphus maynei (Cooreman) (4.2%), D. farinae (3.8%), and T. putrescentiae (1.0%) in bedrooms; L. destructor (11.8%), D. farinae (2.1%), E. maynei (0.3%), and T. putrescentiae (0.2%) in woolen mattresses; and E. maynei (12.5%), L. destructor (9.9%), D. farinae (7.5%), and T. putrescentiae (2.7%) in spring mattresses.

© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
Erhan Zeytun, Salih Doğan, Fatih Özçiçek, Edhem Ünver, and Sibel Dilkaraoğlu "Comparison of Living and Bedrooms in Terms of House Dust Mites in the Province of Erzincan, Turkey," Journal of Medical Entomology 53(1), 26-30, (19 November 2015).
Received: 9 July 2015; Accepted: 27 October 2015; Published: 19 November 2015

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