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1 April 1974 BLUETONGUE VIRUS AND WHITE-TAILED DEER IN AN ENZOOTIC AREA OF TEXAS
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Abstract

A ten-year serologic and virologic investigation into the activity of enzootic bluetongue (BT) virus was conducted in southern Texas white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus texanus). Eighty-nine percent of 484 adult deer, 36% of 129 juvenile deer and 93% of 182 neonatal deer were sero-positive of BT. Antibody was not detected in fetal fawns but was found in colostrum samples. Sentinel fawn studies demonstrated that maternal antibody persists at least 8 weeks and that BT was transmitted during the fall months. The virus was isolated from a sentinel fawn but could not be recovered from deer with antibody or with organizing lesions suggestive of previous BT infection. Virus was not isolated from deer ectoparasites.

HOFF, TRAINER, and JOCHIM: BLUETONGUE VIRUS AND WHITE-TAILED DEER IN AN ENZOOTIC AREA OF TEXAS1
GERALD L. HOFF "BLUETONGUE VIRUS AND WHITE-TAILED DEER IN AN ENZOOTIC AREA OF TEXAS," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 10(2), 158-163, (1 April 1974). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-10.2.158
Received: 14 December 1973; Published: 1 April 1974
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