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1 July 1990 EFFECTS OF INGESTED LEAD ON ANTIBODY PRODUCTION IN MALLARDS (ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS)
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Abstract

We examined the effects of lead ingestion on in vitro and in vivo indices of immune function in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Twenty-four mallard drakes were randomly divided into three groups (I, II, III), then assigned to treatment or control subgroups (n = 4). On day 0, all treatment birds were dosed orally with one number 4 lead shot ( = 0.2 g). We challenged all individuals in each group with washed sheep red blood cells (SRBC) injected intraperitoneally on days 0 (Group I), 7 (Group II) or 14 (Group III), and collected blood for analyses 7 and 8 days after SRBC challenge. We measured and compared blood lead concentrations, in vitro lymphocyte transformation responses to phytohemagglutinin A and lipopolysaccharide, and hemagglutination titers to SRBC. Mean blood lead concentrations were elevated (P ≤ 0.04) in treatment birds at each sampling period. Large individual variability in lymphocyte stimulation responses precluded further analysis of those data. Hemagglutination titers to SRBC were lower (P < 0.0001) in lead-poisoned ducks than in controls, suggesting that ingested lead may have immunosuppressive effects on mallards.

Trust, Miller, Ringelman, and Orme: EFFECTS OF INGESTED LEAD ON ANTIBODY PRODUCTION IN MALLARDS (ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS)
Kimberly A. Trust, Michael W. Miller, James K. Ringelman and Ian M. Orme "EFFECTS OF INGESTED LEAD ON ANTIBODY PRODUCTION IN MALLARDS (ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS)," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 26(3), (1 July 1990). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-26.3.316
Received: 21 August 1989; Accepted: ; Published: 1 July 1990
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