Macroscopic and histological study of a case of unilateral hydrocephalus in a young wild European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) is reported here. Morphological changes were mostly massive dilatation of the left lateral ventricle, atrophy of the cortex and a striking reduction of the corresponding white matter. Lymphocytic cell infiltrates and hemosiderinladen macrophages in the choroid plexus and meninges also were observed. Although the exact cause of the lesions was not found all findings suggested a hydrocephalus of possible traumatic, infectious or congenital hypoplasia origin.
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