Tetrameres (Petrowimeres) striata is an uncommon and incompletely described nematode from North American and Eurasian waterfowl. Specimens collected from mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) from the Playa Lakes Region (PLR) in western Texas (USA), the mottled duck (A. platyrhynchos fulvigula) in Florida (USA), the mallard in the Amur River Basin of eastern Russia and the blue-winged teal (Anas discors) from western Texas (USA) provide the basis for redescription of T. (P.) striata. This species is differentiated from the closely related T. (P.) zakharowi and T. (P.) galericulata by the size of the left spicule and the prominent cuff on the proximal end of the right spicule. In mallards from the PLR, one to several adult males and a single female occurred within distended mucosal glands or, more rarely, in cystic cavities in the submucosal tissue of the proventriculus; intensities ranged from one to seven nematodes per host (x̄ ± SE = 2.9 ± 0.8). Infected proventricular gland mucosae were compressed as a result of pressure atrophy by the large gravid females. In addition to nematodes, some lesions also contained necrotic debris with inflammatory cells and were surrounded by an intense inflammatory response of eosinophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, epithelioid cells and fibroblasts. Other lesions had little or no inflammatory response. Lesions in the submucosa were surrounded by a thin fibrous cyst with or without adjacent inflammatory cells.
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Vol. 30 • No. 3