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1 July 1996 Herpesvirus Particles Associated With Oral and Respiratory Lesions in a California Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
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Abstract

A 60-year-old captive California desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) which died in August 1990 at the University of California, Davis, California (USA), during treatment for colonic impaction had marked caseous necrosis of the oral cavity, choana, trachea, and lungs. Numerous intranuclear inclusion bodies and a large number of syncytial giant cells were seen in the oral cavity and respiratory tract along with bacterial granulomas. Pasteurella testudinis, Streptococcus veridans, and coagulase-negative Staphilococcus spp. were cultured from the lesions. Using electron microscopy, herpesvirus particles were observed in intranuclear inclusions and cytoplasm. Viral stomatitis, tracheitis, and bronchopneumonia complicated by bacterial infection were diagnosed. Although respiratory disease is common in desert tortoises, this is believed to be the first report of association with a viral infection.

Pettan-Brewer, Drew, Ramsay, Mohr, and Lowenstine: Herpesvirus Particles Associated With Oral and Respiratory Lesions in a California Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
K. C. B. Pettan-Brewer, M. L. Drew, E. Ramsay, F. C. Mohr, and L. J. Lowenstine "Herpesvirus Particles Associated With Oral and Respiratory Lesions in a California Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 32(3), 521-526, (1 July 1996). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-32.3.521
Received: 2 February 1994; Published: 1 July 1996
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