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1 October 1998 A VERSATILE MODEL OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION APPLIED TO FORECASTING BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS DYNAMICS IN WHITE-TAILED DEER POPULATIONS
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Abstract

A model was derived for disease transmission in dynamic host populations and its application was demonstrated in forecasting possible outcomes of a bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) epidemic in a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) population. The approach was mechanistic, based disease transmission on the probability of each susceptible individual becoming infected per unit time, and afforded the flexibility necessary to model epidemics in dynamic wildlife populations. This approach was applied to a sex- and age-structured deer population model. This model predicted that tuberculosis prevalence in a white-tailed deer population could rise from approximately 3% to about 21% over 25 yr, and that neither lowered deer survival nor lowered transmission would be completely effective in eliminating disease from the population. Maternal transmission appeared unimportant to modeled tuberculosis dynamics; in contrast, disease was not maintained for >15 yr in models lacking lateral transmission.

McCarty and Miller: A VERSATILE MODEL OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION APPLIED TO FORECASTING BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS DYNAMICS IN WHITE-TAILED DEER POPULATIONS
C. W. McCarty and M. W. Miller "A VERSATILE MODEL OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION APPLIED TO FORECASTING BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS DYNAMICS IN WHITE-TAILED DEER POPULATIONS," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 34(4), 722-730, (1 October 1998). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-34.4.722
Received: 30 May 1997; Published: 1 October 1998
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