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1 July 2000 Brucellosis in Ringed Seals and Harp Seals from Canada
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A novel Brucella sp. was isolated from lymph nodes of four ringed seals (Phoca hispida) collected near Pangnirtung (Baffin Island, Canada) in January and February 1995 and in one harp seal (Phoca groenlandica) collected near the Magdalen Islands (Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada) in March 1996. Bacteriological characteristics were the same for all five isolates. The colonies were typical of Brucella spp., but took 2 to 5 days longer than the traditional species to appear on primary isolation media. Biotyping results did not match any of the known biovars of Brucella, but were similar to isolates of the genus Brucella previously reported from marine mammals inhabiting other areas of the northern hemisphere. This is the first confirmed report of brucellosis in marine mammals from Canada, and the first report of this organism in ringed and harp seals.

Forbes, Nielsen, Measures, and Ewalt: Brucellosis in Ringed Seals and Harp Seals from Canada
Lorry B. Forbes, Ole Nielsen, Lena Measures, and Darla R. Ewalt "Brucellosis in Ringed Seals and Harp Seals from Canada," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 36(3), 595-598, (1 July 2000).
Received: 4 September 1999; Published: 1 July 2000

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