The relationship between abnormal sperm morphology and chromosomal aberrations has been of interest. Thus far, however, studies have focused on frequencies of sperm with either abnormal morphology or aneuploidies in semen samples, not on detection of individual spermatozoa exhibiting both abnormal morphology and aneuploidy. To assess the feasibility of simultaneous evaluation of both attributes in an individual sperm cell, we investigated whether sperm shape is preserved after decondensation and denaturation, procedures that are required for fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). On 21 slides, 395 sperm were fixed, photographed, and then digitized by the computer-assisted Metamorph morphometry program for individual evaluation before decondensation. To establish whether sperm of various shapes would behave in similar manners, the cells were also classified, according to their head shapes, into symmetrical (n = 115), asymmetrical (n = 115), irregular (n = 115), and amorphous (n = 50) categories. Following decondensation and subsequent denaturation, sperm that had been photographed initially were relocalized and digitized for morphometry. Head area, perimeter, long axis, short axis, shape factor, and tail length were evaluated in each of the 395 sperm in both the native and decondensed states. After the decondensation and denaturation protocol of the FISH procedure, the sperm exhibited a proportional increase in dimensions as compared to their original sizes. Their initial shapes were preserved with high fidelity whether the sperm were in the symmetrical, asymmetrical, irregular, or amorphous categories. Hybridization with the chromosome probes had no further effect on sperm shape or size. We provide images to demonstrate how these findings facilitate studies about the relationship between sperm shape and chromosomal content or aberrations in individual spermatozoa.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.