This 2-yr (2013 and 2014) study evaluated the variation in tuber yield and selected indices of phosphorus (P) use efficiency of two new potato cultivars [AAC Alta Cloud (AC) and AAC Alta Strong (AS)] versus Russet Burbank (RB), the french fry industry standard. Initial P levels and P saturation index [(P/Al) × 100] ranged from 85 to 89.5 mg P kg-1 and from 4.6% to 5.6%, respectively. A complete randomized block design for each variety was laid out in three adjacent plots with six P fertilization rates. The average tuber yield ranged from 29.06 to 36.81 Mg ha-1 for AC, from 27.56 to 41.50 Mg ha-1 for AS, and from 38.15 to 42.02 Mg ha-1 for RB, with the highest yield observed in 2014. Tuber yield response to P application was described by the quadratic-plus-plateau model for AC and linear-plus-plateau model for AS with a mean critical (above which the yield response to P applications is unlikely) P rate of 40 kg P ha-1. Russet Burbank did not respond to P application. The trends of P uptake efficiency (PUE) for AC and AS mirrored that of tuber yield, while RB had a linear increase in PUE with P rate. The study highlights that current P recommendations for potatoes can be reduced without affecting yield, thus increasing farmers’ economic returns. It also reveals the need to test optimal fertilization levels for new cultivars.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.